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Monday, 16 April 2012

Marie Antoinette. Unlucky Story of the Queen

Life and fate of the most famous mid-18th century woman is really very impressing and scary. Marie Antoinette was an Archduchess of Austria and the Queen of France and of Navarre. She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. In April 1770, on the day of her marriage to Louis-Auguste, Dauphin of France, she subsequently became Dauphine of France. Marie Antoinette got the title of Queen of France and of Navarre when her husband, Louis XVI of France, ascended the throne upon the death of Louis XV in May 1774




At twenty-three years, Marie Antoinette became a mother for the first time, and for the six years she gave birth to four children, of whom only two survived: Maria Theresa, and the Dauphin Louis. Marie Antoinette felt that she had a natural right not to pay attention to the discontent of citizens. She maintained a frivolous mind, confident that all these will pass. But disaster still broke. July 14, 1789 the whole world shuddered at the atrocities in Paris.


   
 Being able to escape, she chose to stay with the king, even though all left the approximate crowned captives. October 5th angry Parisian mob stormed Versailles, and the next day the royal family was brought under arrest in the Tuileries Palace. In a small damp cell she was not left alone for a moment. However, she somehow managed to get a comb and powder even there.

 

The Convention and the Committee of Public Safety members of the royal family used as a bargaining chip to eliminate the danger of intervention - as Marie Antoinette was a foreigner. For some time negotiations were held, but under the pressure of public opinion on October 16, 1793 the court sentenced to death the queen.



I would recommend to watch the film "Marie Antoinette" Sofia Coppola's biopic about the life of Queen Marie Antoinette of France, made in 2006. The film is based on the book by Antonia Fraser ''Marie Antoinette: The Journey''. The movie was nominated for Bafta's Best costumes, Best Actor-direcor, and Best Makeup in 2007.
 


          
P.S. Queen Marie Antoinette is remembered in history for her fashionable dresses and luxurious hair. Did you know that modern hairstyles that use hair extensions have their origins in an aristocratic 18th century France?



Some of Archduchess's dresses


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