Simply About Difficult

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Sunday, 17 July 2011

Stylish approach to Malthus' theory.


"I gained extra half an inch!" is one of the most common exclaims by women all over the world. Popular magazines hire thinner and thinner models for cover photoshoots, well-known designers want extra-slim models for their runways and it is repeated every year. Seems like the slimmer the better for woman to look. But how did we end up with this? Why is it considered that woman can not be pretty if she is not 90-60-90? Who dictates perfect body parameters and when was the turning point in fashion industry? To answer these question let us take a look at common body shapes through a perid of time.


Trends in the 19th century
When discussing body shapes and fashion it is impossible not to talk about Rubens' works of art. Rubens is a baroque painter of the 17th century born in Siegen, Westphalia. The most efficient decade of his career was spent in the studio in Antwerp, Belgium where he drew a portrait of "Infanta Isabella Ciara"(painting is a part of exhibition of Kunsthistorisches museum in Vienna). He is famous for history paintings and landscapes but most importantly world knows him for his breathtaking portraits. It is worth seing the greatest paintings by Rubens in National Gallery (London, UK). Women drawn by Rubens show that being slim was not so fashionable in the 17th century as it became four centuries later. Nevertheless, fat woman was a symbol of healthy life and wealth. 


Trends in the 20th century
Now, lets move on to the very beginning of the 20th century to see the contrast. Models of the 1920s such as Betty Grable, Nita Naldi, Olive Thomas did not show any signs of "extra-slim-fashion-trends". Thirty years later models and style-icons Gina Lollobridgita, Sophia Loren and Marilyn Monroe were not only pin-up for men but also perfect models for women with their "not-thin-shapes". Turning point in industry when parameters changed abruptly was late 1960s. Twiggy was the one with whom all stereotypes about shapes varied and a model of 90-60-90 was created.



 
How change in parametres is related to the economic theory?

Thomas Robert Malthus was an English Economist of the 19th century. Malthus is one of the most influencial economists in history. He had a great impact on such great figures such as Keynes, Marx and Darwin. He is especially famous for his book "An Essays on the Priciple of Population" where he introduces new theory. According to the theory demand for food increases geometrically( 2,4,8,16,32...) when supply for it can only increase arithmetically( 1,2,3,4,5...) creating shortage of food. Malthus was basically trying to explain that if nothing is changed earth will not be able to supply the demanded amount of food.


Although, now being slim is a way too stylish, if to look more deeply the reason is not fashion but economics. The best way to avoid food shortage was to introduce new idea. Idea that being slim is beautiful. So simple and easy.

17 July, 2011
Istanbul, Turkey

Saturday, 16 July 2011

Old secret or wrong Shakespeare?


William Shakespeare is a well-known name for majority of us. It is one of the most common names googled every single day in the internet. We all know him as a great English poet and playwright living in the 17th century. Books of this extremely talanted and famous figure such as Antony and Cleopatry and Hamlet have been read for more than four centuries with not a less interest. It is worth saying that one may find it more difficult to find a book of contemporary but popular authors in book shops or libraries than Shakespeare's. The reason is the same as with the case with Tolstoy, Marc Twain, Dostoyevski and other writers. They are all classics. Despite of continious debates for and against books by these authors, they still remain being classics. Too important for a nation for history and ultimately, for the world. As there is no need to introduce Shakespeare any more lets move on to the argument of this post. Was Shakespeare the real author of all these books we have been reading and admiring? Who is Shakespeare in reality and what is his relationship with Francis Bacon?

One of the works by Shakespeare "The Tempest" was written in 1611 and after that during five years there was no work written by him. Although, some historians insist that these five years he was busy with theatre work, most of them claim that "The Tempest" as all other books by so called Shakespeare were written by Francis Bacon who was actually ill when writing "The Tempest" so after finishing that book there was no published works of Shakespeare( The photo from "The Tempest" play can be seen below). Moreover, it was possible to understand from the content of the book that it was written in a more emotional way, relating to late period of life. Now, the reasonable question which comes to mind - who is Francis Bacon? Francis Bacon was an English philosopher, lawyer and scientist living at the same time with Shakespeare during 1561-1626. But why didn't Bacon want to accept authority of so great works? Before moving to the answer of this question lets talk further about Shakespeare alone. He was an actor which was playing second type roles in theatre in Stratford where he was born. Now the reason why Bacon didn't want to publish books with his own name was his flourishing career. He wanted to be remembered as a successful parlamentarian rather than an ordinary writer. However, before death Bacon left a letter and asked it to be read. There is not much information about that very letter and decision his family and government made about reading it. 



The point is whether the world has enough courage to face the truth or not? If the letter is read the world loses Shakespeare as the greatest poet of all times but doesnt get anything in return as Bacon is already famous as a politician of British governance. If this claim is true then it just proves that history is unnfair, it creates heros from ordinary people and vice versa. Sometimes we just need to believe that extraordinary things exist and maybe it will explain everything.


16 July, 2011
Istanbul, Turkey